What is CBD?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a therapeutic compound found in hemp and cannabis. There are more than 100 compounds unique to the plant under the term cannabinoids. CBD is commonly extracted and processed into a range of health, wellness and food products.
What are Cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are the organic compounds secreted by hemp or cannabis plants that can affect the human body. They work by imitating our own body’s naturally occurring compounds called “endocannabinoids” that affect nerve, brain and immune cell activity.
Will CBD make me feel "high"?
No, CBD is non-psychoactive and does not cause the "high" feeling often associated with cannabis. The "high" feeling related to cannabis is produced by Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – one of the other 100 cannabinoids present in the plant. CBD is extracted from cannabis and hemp. The extraction process leaves only trace amounts of THC behind. Anything with <0.2% THC are legal for sale in the UK.
Is CBD Legal in the UK?
CBD products, including CBD oil are legal in the UK if they have a THC content below 0.2%. THC still is listed as a controlled substance under the misuse of drugs act 1971.
How does CBD work?
CBD creates therapeutic benefits by influencing the cannabinoid receptor activity and encourages the production of our body's endocannabinoids in our naturally occurring Endocannabinoid System (ECS). Working as either an inhibitor, modulator, or activator, CBD impacts cannabinoid receptors found in parts of the brain that impact anxiety, stress, nausea, neuropathic and inflammatory pain, insomnia, appetite, cognition, and feelings of reward.
What is the endocannabinoid system?
In the 1980s, scientists discovered endocannabinoids. The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a complex cell-signalling system naturally produced by the human body; the primary function of the ECS is to maintain bodily homeostasis. The ECS interacts primarily with our nervous and immune system and is responsible for balancing and optimizing functions such as sleep, relaxation, appetite moderation, controlling inflammatory and pain responses and enhancing cognitive abilities like mood and memory.
Typically, our endocannabinoid system is maintained by our healthy body's natural ability to produce endocannabinoids. When the body is deficient, it affects how we feel and function. Taking CBD may offset this deficiency and restore wellbeing.
What are the benefits of CBD?
While CBD is currently being studied as a treatment for a wide range of conditions, previous research was limited, and more study in humans is needed to substantiate the claims of CBD proponents.
However, all the excitement around CBD research and individual user observations points to the potentially wide range of benefits from chronic illness to general health and wellbeing.
What is the difference between full and broad-spectrum CBD?
Full-spectrum CBD is unrefined hemp extract. This extract contains everything from the plant, including terpenes, flavonoids and fatty acids. Quality full-spectrum CBD products are typically considered more effective than other CBD products due to the different cannabinoids working synergistically and creating the “entourage effect”.
Broad Spectrum CBD is slightly more refined hemp extract. Broad-spectrum is extracted similarly to full-spectrum, however additional refinements are made to remove all THC.
What is CBD isolate?
CBD isolate is CBD at its purest form. During the process of extracting the cannabinoids, everything is filtered out of the hemp plant except for the Cannabidiol, including terpenes, flavonoids, plant parts and other cannabinoids; leaving you with pure CBD.
What is CBD distillate?
CBD distillate is a highly refined cannabis extract often derived from CBD hemp flower and biomass. CBD distillate is one of the purest forms of CBD. Unlike CBD isolate, CBD distillate contains all the benefits of the whole plant with a range of cannabinoids, terpenes, vitamins, fatty acids and <0.2% THC to encourage the “entourage effect”.
What are terpenes?
Terpenes are all-natural, organic compounds found in plants and are the primary constituents of the essential oils that provide the plants' aroma and flavour. Terpenes interact with cannabinoids to enhance, activate and in some cases, even subdue the effects of other cannabinoids like CBD.
What is the difference between hemp-derived CBD and cannabis-derived CBD?
CBD is produced by both hemp and cannabis. The molecule itself is the same regardless of the source of the plant. However, hemp plants contain almost no THC cannabinoid and have historically been used as an industrial crop for material, textiles and food.
How is CBD absorbed?
The degree and rate that CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream is known as it's bioavailability. Bioavailability and absorption rate very greatly dependent on the method of administration. CBD can be absorbed through many different methods, including; intravenously, orally, sublingually, topically, or via inhalation.
CBD taken orally that must pass through both the stomach and liver before being activated in the bloodstream, for example, has low bioavailability and takes longer to feel the effects. Whereas, inhaled CBD has high bioavailability because it is absorbed via membranes which cover the lungs, after which CBD enters directly into the bloodstream having an almost instant effect.
What to look for when buying CBD?
Choosing your CBD is exciting! There are just a few things to look for when you buy CBD oil online, or from a store.
- Company reliability
- Type of CBD
- Certificates of Analysis – 3rd party testing
- Delivery Method – user experience
- CBD Formulation – user experience
What is the “Entourage Effect”?
The “Entourage Effect” is the phenomenon of all the compounds in the hemp or cannabis plant working together for maximum health and wellness benefits.
Are CBD Products Safe?
Where can I educate myself on CBD?
Check out our “Learn” section for in-depth content on everything related to CBD, to assist with your CBD research.